Q: How was the Montessori method established?
A: Montessori education was founded in Italy more than 100 years ago by Dr. Maria Montessori, a physician and scientist. Dr. Montessori observed that children naturally develop in phases, which she termed planes of development. Dr. Montessori also determined that students have the ability to teach themselves when given guidance in properly "prepared environments." It is estimated that today there are more than 5,000 Montessori schools in the United States, and more than 20,000 in 110 countries around the world.
Q: What are some differences between traditional learning methods and the Montessori method?
A: There are many differences, including:
Montessori programs work on three-year cycles. Children stay in the same classroom and have the same teacher for three years.
Montessori classrooms have children of mixed ages. Multi-age classrooms encourage cooperative learning and allow for broad emotional and social development.
Because children develop and master skills at their own pace, Montessori students work according to their developmental levels rather than their biological ages.
The Primary role of the Montessori teacher is not the transmission of information, but rather to nurture development and to guide activities, resources, and materials that allow the child to take the next step in learning.
Montessori students are always free to move around the classroom instead of staying at desks. There is no limit to how long a child can work on a lesson, and the lessons are taught to one student or to a small group of students.
The Montessori teaching materials are unique. Most were developed by Dr. Montessori to meet specific developmental needs of children of different ages.
Q: What can I read to familiarize myself with Montessori philosophy?
A: There are many excellent sources of information to choose from as well as parent education events at Omni. Please see Parenting Resources or begin with these books:
Montessori Madness, Trevor Eissler
Montessori: A Modern Approach, Paula Polk Lillard
Montessori Today, Paula Polk Lillard
Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius, Angeline Stoll Lillard
The Absorbent Mind, by Dr. Maria Montessori
The Secret of Childhood, by Dr. Maria Montessori
Montessori, Her Life and Work, by E. M. Standing
Q: Why do Montessori schools begin at age three?
A: Children experience "sensitive periods" in their natural development. During these times, they seek certain stimuli with immense intensity. What a child can learn almost effortlessly at this critical time will take effort on his part later. Dr. Montessori devised special materials to aid children in each sensitive period. Between the ages of two and four, a special sense of order, concentration, coordination, and independence emerges. This time is ideal to begin a child's Montessori education, as he is at the perfect age to build a strong foundation for future learning.
Q: What is the three-year curriculum?
A: Montessori classrooms are organized around a three-year developmental cycle of learning, designed to respond to the needs and characteristics of each specific stage of a child's growth. A child has the same teacher and classroom for three years, and each year the lessons build upon the prior year's work. Typically, it is not in a child's best interest to enter the three-year program in the last of these three years.
Q: My son keeps calling his lessons "work." Do the children have fun?
A: The term "work" is used in the classrooms to give dignity and respect to the students' activities. Their time is spent on purposeful lessons. The children have free choice to decide what work they will complete. They have many options, and are empowered to do what interests them most.
Q: If my child is left to choose her own activities, will she tend to do the same thing every day, or simply do nothing?
A: No. The teachers are trained to observe children's activities. When a child has mastered a skill, the teacher provides a lesson that is more challenging, based on the age and interest of the child. Because the environment is so stimulating and exciting, children seldom do nothing. There are many prepared lessons for the child to choose from every day.
Q: Will it be helpful for my child to have access to Montessori materials at home?
A: Discover Play School teachers advise against using Montessori materials at home. Unlike parents, certified Montessori teachers have mastered the presentation of each lesson. Work is presented with great precision and clarity, and the teacher is prepared to guide individual progress. It is, however, quite possible to provide a Montessori environment without these materials by using the principles of child development at home. Look at your home through your child's eyes. Providing opportunities for independence is the surest way to build your child's self-esteem. Find ways for your child to participate in daily life activities such as meal preparation, cleaning, gardening, and caring for pets.
Q: How well do children transition from Montessori to traditional schools?
A: The transition is usually very smooth. Research indicates that Montessori graduates typically score well on standardized tests, and consistently show enhanced ability for following directions, independent thinking, and adapting to new situations. Teachers are often impressed by the leadership abilities and depth of knowledge possessed by students coming out of Montessori programs.
Q: How well does Montessori education prepare the children for success in later life?
A: Research has shown that Montessori students are well-prepared for later life, academically, socially and emotionally. In a Montessori classroom, the passion for learning is fostered and internalized by the children, leading them to be lifelong learners. In today's world, being able to "think outside the box" is a vital component to success, and a Montessori education encourages the creative and critical thinking that fosters this trait.
Listen to the podcast Montessori Myths & Misconceptions, a podcast by Jesse McCarthy, to hear answers to common questions about Montessori education.